Up to the Task…
The Alliance will need to find the right balance in addressing the challenges coming from East and South, and throughout the Eastern Flank, and those coming from its Northern and Southern parts. At the Warsaw Summit, Allies will also take further decisions on an enhanced multinational forward presence in the Eastern part of the Alliance, stronger cyber defence and a robust response to hybrid warfare, including resilience and civil preparedness.
We are confronted nowadays with a highly complex, unpredictable, and challenging security situation in Europe. In our part of the Euro-Atlantic Area, at the Black Sea, our concerns relate primarily to the military building in Crimea, the development of A2/AA measures, and with the lingering instability in Eastern Ukraine. In this regard, an important outcome of the NATO Summit in Warsaw will be the provision for enhanced forward presence of multinational forces, as a solid proof of cohesion and allied solidarity in fulfilling NATO’s core mission—collective defence.
The illegal annexation of Crimea raised NATO’s awareness on the need to refocus on its fundamental mission. It has challenged the security arrangements in Europe, to which Russia has signed up. The Russian Federation is on a course to consolidate its military power. Its activities in the Black Sea Region, infringing upon international law, questioning international and European order, protracting frozen conflicts, as well as the illegal annexation of Crimea, they all have a clearly destabilizing effect on the region.
Building upon the Wales Summit decisions and recommendations and aiming to safeguard a national political consensus on defence spending, in January 2015, the Parliamentary Parties signed a National Agreement to devote a minimum of 2% of GDP to defence, as of 2017 and for the following decade. This commitment is crucial to ensure predictability for the Armed Forces modernization policy, and also a pledge to fulfil our commitments within NATO. Accordingly, the ROU MoND elaborated the Program on the transformation and modernization of the Romanian Armed Forces until 2027 and beyond, which was subsequently approved by the Supreme Council for National Defence.
We remain aware that even if the defence budget is kept at this level for ten years that will not be enough to fully address all capability shortfalls. Nevertheless, by 2026 we expect the vast majority of the goals outlined in the Program to be met, enabling the Romanian Armed Forces to deliver a substantial contribution to the NATO Level of Ambition.
Minister of National Defence of Romania